India is a land of diversity. It is rich in cultures and has a very rich cultural heritage. India is a sovereign country. It is in South Asia. According to area, India is the 7th largest country in the world. According to population India is the 2nd highest populated country in the world. India is a secular country and its people belong to various cultures, religions and classes. India has a wealthy ancient culture that originated thousands of years back to the Indus valley civilization. India has a very rich tradition, ancient architecture and a wonderful scenic beauty that attracts millions of globe-trotters each year from different countries worldwide. The most considerable aspect that attracts tourists towards India is the Wildlife of India in its wild habitat.
India has a rich wildlife which consists of 172 endangered species. The Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian Elephant, the Asiatic water Buffalo and the one-horned Rhino are some of the splendid animals found in the nature. In India, the wildlife sanctuaries provide shelter to about two thousand various species of birds, 3500 various mammals species, nearly 30000 diverse sort of insects and more than 15000 varieties of plants.
There are over 441 wildlife sanctuaries and as many as 80 national parks in India. The wildlife sanctuaries and national parks consist of more than 4.5% of the total landmass of the country. Spread all over the country, these national parks and sanctuaries attract the tourists with their beautiful scenery, marvelous rock formation and various ranges of ecology.
India is one of the 12 mega diversity hotspots in the World. Biodiversity Hotspots are the regions in the World that are significant reservoirs of biodiversity but are under the fear of extinction due to unwanted human interference. A Biodiversity Hotspot must contain at least 0.5% or 5000 species of vascular plants as endemic (these are the animals or plants that are restricted to a particular place only and if they become extinct from this place then they will be extinct from the entire world causing damage to the ecology) and has lost at least 70% of its primary vegetation. best attraction Sentosa singapore
Being a Biodiversity Hotspot India proves that it is the home for a rich heritage of flora and fauna. India nurtures two main biodiversity hotspots:
- The Western Ghats
- The Himalayas
India also includes part of the Northern Indian Ocean coral reef hotspot. Important freshwater eco-regions for endemism include the Western Ghats, the Ganges Delta and plain and the Eastern Himalayas.
Wildlife Tourism in India endows with an opportunity to the travelers to unravel the possessions of Indian wildlife. Explorers from the entire globe visit India to look at the rich flora and fauna that India sustains.